### I got 99 problems but fatalism's not one.

The following might create 101 problems, but it solves 202. The net gain is worth it.

(1) Necessarily, if a man exists, then the statement ‘a man exists’ is true.

And,

(2) Necessarily, if the statement ‘a man exists’ is true, then a man exists.

But,

(3) Necessarily, for every true proposition

And,

(4) Necessarily, for every true proposition

Suck it.

Aristotle seems to be saying this:[O]f two things whose existence follows from

each other, it would be reasonable to say that

the one which is any way the cause of the other

is prior by nature to it. That there are such things

is clear from the following. A man’s existence

and the truth of the statement that he exists

follow from each other; for if a man exists, the

statement ‘a man exists’ is true, and conversely,

if that statement is true, a man exists, whereas

the fact appears to be in some way the cause

of the true statement;for it is by virtue of,

the existence or nonexistence of that

fact that the statement is true or false

respectively.The Philosopher,Categories14b9-19

(1) Necessarily, if a man exists, then the statement ‘a man exists’ is true.

And,

(2) Necessarily, if the statement ‘a man exists’ is true, then a man exists.

But,

(3) Necessarily, for every true proposition

*p*,*p*’s truth is caused by*x*, where ‘*x*’ is the state of affairs expressed by*p*.And,

(4) Necessarily, for every true proposition

*p*, the being of*x*, where ‘*x*’ is the state of affairs expressed by*p*, is not caused by the truth of*p*.Suck it.

Labels: Truth

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indeed

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